BY MOHAMED OBARRE
SUBDISCIPLINES OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION AND SPORT.
The discipline of physical education and sport consists of 12 sub disciplines. The cross-disciplinary nature of physical education and sport is evident from the names of the sub disciplines. Researchers and scholars in the development of these specialized areas of study used theories, principles scientific methods, and modes of inquiry from many other academic disciplines. Knowledge and research methods from the Ahard sciences@ of biology, chemistry, physics, anatomy, physiology, and mathematics strongly influenced the development of the sub disciplines of exercise physiology and sport biomechanics. Psychology, sociology, history, and philosophy, often called the A social science@, formed the foundation for the development of sport psychology, motor development, motor learning, sport sociology, sport history, and sport philosophy. The rehabilitation sciences, particularly physical therapy, exerted an important influence on the development of sports medicine and adapted physical activity. Education research significantly affected the development of sport pedagogy. In the sub discipline of sport management, the influence of management, law, communication, and marketing is evident.
The growth of the sub disciplines broadens the scope of our field. Equally important, the interdependence between these growing areas offers us valuable knowledge and greater insight as we move towards the accomplishment of our goals. The 12 sub disciplines of physical education and sport are briefly described below.
Exercise Physiology is the study of the effect of various physical demands; particularly exercise, on the structure and function of the body.
Sports Medicine is concerned with the preventing, treatment, and rehabilitation of sports related injuries.
PRIVATE Sport Biomechanics applies the methods of physics and mechanics to the study of human motion and the study of sport objects.tc \l 1 "Sport Biomechanics applies the methods of physics and mechanics to the study of human motion and the study of sport objects."
Sport History is the critical examination of the past, with a focus on events, people and trends that influenced the development and direction of the field.
Sport Psychology uses principles and scientific methods form psychology to study human behavior in sport.
Motor Development studies the factors that influence the development of abilities essential to movement.
Motor Learning is the study of changes in motor behavior that are primarily the result of practice and experience.
Sport Sociology is the study of the role of sport in society, its impact on participants in sport, and the relationship between sport and other social institutions.
Sport Pedagogy can be defined broadly to include the study of teaching and learning in school and non-school settings.
Sport Management encompasses the many managerial aspects of sport. These include personnel management, budgeting, facility management, and programming. Other aspects of sport management are law, policy development, fundraising, and media relations.
The writer is professional swimming coach and a sports consultant based in Arusha
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